Sepulchral use of caves in Lusatian culture: Evidence from the Sąspówka Valley in the Polish Jura
- Polish Jura,
- Late Bronze Age,
- Early Iron Age,
- cave sites,
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Copyright (c) 2021 Małgorzata Kot, Grzegorz Czajka, Elżbieta Jaskulska, Marcin Szeliga, Bartosz Kontny, Adrian Marciszak, Michał Mazur, Michał Wojenka
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Funeral and ritual practices in cave sites during the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age have been recognised in multiple sites south of the Carpathians. This paper presents the first evidence for the funeral and ritual use of cave sites with such chronology north of the Carpathians. Unburned human remains dated to Ha B and Ha C/D have been identified in two cave sites (Zbójecka Cave and Bramka Rockshelter) located 500 m apart, in the Polish Jura. Additionally, a pottery deposit dated to Ha B2-C has been found in a third cave (Ciasna Cave) situated near the aforementioned sites. The paper analyses these finds in the context of the local Lusatian culture settlement and the already recognised traces of Lusatian cave site use in the studied karstic region. The results give ground to search for more evidence of ritual cave use in the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age.